58 B.C.- 400 A.D Age of Romans in Switzerland.

1050 Hospice and monastery founded by Bernard of Menthon at the summit of the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Pennine Alps between Italy and Switzerland.

1291 The 3 states Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden - the so called "Ur-Kantone" unite against the surrounding aggressors. A citizen of each state swears on august, 1st 1291 on a small mountain named "Rütli": "we will be a one and only nation of brothers ..."

This leads to the term confederation ("Eidgenossenschaft")

1353 Bern joins the young Swiss Confederation, becoming a leading member of the new state

1489 Burgermeister of Zurich orders the destruction of all farm dogs. Edict fails.

1523 In characterizing large Swiss working dogs Conrad Gessner writes "Some of the big and strong dogs are especially trained to stay around the houses and stables in the fields. They must protect the cattle from danger. Some guard the cattle, some the fields and some the houses. Other dogs are trained to protect people. They must contend after murderers and other mean people. They must be fierce and big and strong, as they must fight against warriors in their armour."

1650 Flanders painter Jacob Jordaens paints a Swiss Sennenhund in a picture representing Greek mythology.

1651 Dutch painter Paulus Potter paints a typical Swiss Sennenhund sitting in a Dutch dune region, Herders met hun vee.

1789 William Tell gains notoriety

1798 Swiss revolution.

1798 Invasion of Canton of Bern by French Revolutionary Army. Fall of Old Berne. Bern stripped of most of it’s territories.

1800-1814 Life span of Barry the famous St. Bernard dog that worked as a mountain rescue dog. He lived at the monastery at the Great St Bernard Pass near the Swiss-Italian border and was responsible for saving over 40 lives.

1803 Chocolate production starts in Switzerland.

1805 First modern alpine crossing road usable for wagons.

1814 Age of Industrialization begins in Switzerland. Mechanization of the farm eliminates the need for large, powerful animals.  By the year 1900, the Swiss Mountain dogs had simply disappeared from most areas and were on the verge of disappearing completely.

1815 World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1816: Photography invented: Nicéphore Niépce combines the camera obscura with photosensitive paper

1817 Swiss emigrate because of starvation and poor economic prospects.

1834: Photography progresses: Henry Fox Talbot creates permanent (negative) images using paper soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution. Talbot created positive images by contact printing onto another sheet of paper.

1840-1860 Extensive poverty in Switzerland.

1848 Switzerland's flag is officially introduced. City of Bern becomes Swiss Administrative capital.

1849 First road in Switzerland coated with asphalt.

1849 Albert Heim is born in Zurich.

1850 Jeremias Gotthelf writes a book portraying Swiss farm life, Michael's Search for a Wife, in which he describes three Swiss farm dogs, Bari, Ringii and Blassen.

1850 Rail line service begins in Europe and Switzerland, ending the cattle driving business.

1850 Niklaus Gerber, dairy industry innovator, is born at Thun

1850 Nearly 60 percent of the Swiss population works in agriculture

1852 Development of rail network begins in Canton of Bern, Bernese State RR.

1853 F. V. Tschundy writes in Animals That Live in the Alps “Together with many heard of cattle in the Alps, we can find the so-called Sennenhund. If the wanderer approaches the alpine dwelling, he is first spotted and greeted by the barking dog. The herdsman uses a medium sized dog, many coulored, to keep the herds together and protect his hut. The same dogs accompany the men if they carry their milk into the valley or town.”

1853 Appenzell Cattle Dog was first described in the book Tierleben der Alpenwelt (Animal Life in the Alps)

1874 Civil marriage becomes mandatory in Canton of Bern.

1875 Milk chocolate invented in Switzerland

1878 Family portrait of Leland Stanford...founder of Stanford University, USA is painted. In it is a BMD like dog. Painting restored and on display in California.

1879 Johanna Spyri writes 16 volumes of stories for children. Among these, the two Heidi volumes become very popular

1881 First public telephone networks in Canton of Bern.

1881 Canton of Bern receives first national telephone system.

1883 Swiss Kennel Club (Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft) founded, F. V. Tschudy is responsible for the stud book.

1883 Fast food developed in Switzerland, soup powder in bags.

1884 AKC is established.

1888 Of the Swiss population, 36 percent works in agriculture

1889 E. Bauer in “The Swiss Central Newspaper for Hunting and Dog Enthusiasts” writes the first known description of the Entlebucher Sennenhunde.

1892 Franz Schertenleib finds and purchases a dog from the Duerbaech region, south of Bern, that the old farmers of Burgdorf recognized as a Gelbbackler. It is stated this dog was purchased from a basket weaver. Schertenleib subsequently bought more of the dogs from the same region.

1893 New constitution adopted for Canton of Bern.

1893 Article appears in New York Times, Effect of Culture Upon Dogs, Belgium’s Experience with them as Draught Dogs. Exert states: For every horse seen in harness on the streets or roads there are at least two dogs, and in some of the streets dogs have the entire monopoly of the business of drawing carts and carriages. They are well fed and cared for and handsomely harnessed. The dogs move the vehicles with ease and go about so noiselessly and inoffensively.”

1895 In his book Die Houstierfunde von Vindonissa, Kramer, historian and professor of Natural History, theorizes big Swiss farm dogs originated from Roman imports.

1896 Automobile production begins in Switzerland.

1898 The executive authorities of the Canton St. Gallen put the sum of SFr. 400 at disposal to support the breeding of the Appenzell Cattle Dog.

1899 Breed recognition begins in Switzerland, Probst of Bern exhibits an excellent example. First public mention of the Duerbaechlers written by Probst in the newspaper Centralblatt.

1899 A Swiss dog club, Berna, is founded in Bern for widely scattered breeders of purebred dogs.

1899 Tierborse, a magazine devoted to animal fanciers, reported dogs at the St Bernard Hospice only live 6-8 years maximum, due to the cold, humid housing.

1901 In Belgium, Professor Reul devotes himself also to the draught dogs and to the bouviers. Trials for draught dogs and harnessed dogs are organised in every corner of the country. The "Draught Mastiff" is increasingly successful 

1902 Berna club sponsors a Swiss Dog show at Ostermundigen. In the "animal market" an article by an editor, Tagmann, concerned the Swiss "mountain" breeds. He wrote: “The trial class for the Duerbaechler was well represented. 3 Duerbaechlers were entered in the show, all from the Bern area.”

1903 Truck production begins in Switzerland.

1904 Heim sees his first Duerbaech dog.

1904 German author Strebel theorizes the Bernese derive from dogs of the Mollossus type.

1904 International Dog Show held in Bern. Berna club sponsored a class for Swiss "shepherd dogs", Appenzeller Sennenhunds and Duerbaech dogs.

1904 Schertenleib exhibits first dogs known to be referred to as "Bernese" under his prefix Rothohe.

1904 Probst and photographer friend Doppler arrange trial classes for Duerbaechlers at the International Swiss Show (SKG) in Bern.. Classes were judged by Fritz Probst, keeper of a small inn at Berne City. Six Duerbaech dogs and one bitch were shown, Probst awarded four prizes.

1905 The four winning Duerbaech from the International Dog Show held in Bern (1904) are placed in the Swiss stud book, Schweizerisches Hundestammbuch (SHSB), signaling breed recognition by the Swiss Kennel Club (SKG).

1905 M. Schafroth, E. Heiniger and E. Gunther purchased the first Duerbaechler breed stock. G. Mumenthaler acquires his champion bitch, Belle, in Bern, and through Tagmann finds a suitable stud, Sultan. M. Schafroth finds the bitch, Prisca, at Gerzensee and the stud Bari in Reichenbach (Albert Heim characterized this dog as one of the truest to type of the big Swiss Farm Dog).

1906 “Appenzeller Sennenhund Club” is founded

1907 Burgdorf breeders take their Duerbaechlers to a show in Lucerne, judged by Heim. After the show in Lucerne the Schweizerischer Duerbaech Klub is founded in Burgdorf, Switzerland. The club has 14 members and a breed standard is defined.

1907 Albert Heim publishes a detailed breed description in the official magazine, Centralblatt fur Jagd-und Hundliebhaber (Central News for Hunting and Dog Lovers), of the Swiss Kennel Club (SKG)

1908 Duerbaech Klub publishes the breed standard.

1908 Duerbaechler Club name changed to Berner Sennenhund Club. Breed name is changed to Berner Sennenhunde.

1908 Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft (SKG) Jubille show has two entries as “short-haired Bernese Mountain Dogs”, later to become known as Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund or Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs.

1908 Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund entered into Swiss stud book.

1908 Twenty-one entries at show in Langenthal, interest in breed increases.

1910 First Swiss revision to breed standard.

1910 Berner Sennenhund Club holds show judged by Heim. Respected judge Albert Heim begins selecting for preferred marking while judging.

1910 Eight dogs exhibited in Lausanne under French classification, Bouvier Suisse.

1910 A club specialty show at Burgdorf draws 107 BMD entries. Show was held to gain overview of breed and breeding stock availability.

1910 Swiss show in Berne draws 42 entries.

1910 Swiss Kennel Club recognizes the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog.

1910 Belgium enacts total ban on cart dogs. Exemptions allowed for those whose livelihoods depend on cart dogs allowing carting dogs to endure until World War I.

1911 Bernese introduced into Germany. Behrens imports Senn v. Schlossgut.

1911 The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) is created. Original member countries were Germany, Belgium, France, Austria and Netherlands.

1911 Swiss Bernese Sennenhund Club has 40 members.

1912 The Swiss club for “Grosse Schweizer Sennenhunde” is founded.

1912 Completion of Jungfraujoch, high altitude railway system.

1912 Franz Schertenleib brought three male and two female Entlebuchers to the Swiss Kennel Club exhibition in Bern, where Dr. Heim judged them.

1912 After comparison evaluations between horse and dog, Belgium adopts the draft dog for pulling machine-guns in the army

1913 Entlebuchers exhibited for the first time at a Langental show.

1913 Bernese Alpine Railroad opens.

1914-1918 World War I

1914 Amid regional tensions, Swiss population splits. German speaking Swiss orient toward Germany, French speaking Swiss orient toward France.

1914 First valid breed standard for Appenzeller advanced by Albert Heim.

1914 Albert Heim writes essay: “Die Schweizer Sennenhunde” which details breed physical description and character.

1914 Workers in agriculture make up 25 percent of the Swiss population.

1914 Germany invades Belgium. Cart-dog ordinances suspended. Experienced cart dogs confiscated by military and pressed into service.

1917 Bernese lead Appenzzellers in the Swiss Registration book.

1921 The FCI having disappeared because of World War I, adopts new articles of association. Currently includes 80 member countries.

1922 There are 58 Bernese registrations in the Swiss Kennel Club

1923 Schweizer Sennenhund-Verein fur Deutschland (SSV) is founded. The club represents all four Swiss Sennenhund breeds.

1924 First Bernese are imported into Holland.

1925 German Bernese club affiliates with International Federation (FCI).

1925 Dr. Kobler founds the first Entlebucher Sennenhunde club in Saint Gallen Switzerland

1925 German book, The German Shepherd Dog in Word and Picture, by von Stephanitz is published. Author quotes an essay by Prof Albert Heim regarding the Swiss dairyman dogs: “. …all of them are born cattle drivers and seekers of strays. They only need opportunity and example and no special training. These dogs have lived for generations with butchers, cattle dealers, dairymen and farmers.”

1926 First International Show held in Munich.

1926 On April 12, the first Bernese are introduced to the United States from Switzerland by farmer Isacc Schiess of Florence, Kansas. Donna von der Rothohe, from Franz Schertenleib and Poincare von Sumiswald, from Fr. Iseli, both unregisterable with AKC.

1926 On March 29, the first US litter of BMD pups (out of Donna von der Rothohe by Poincare von Suniswald) is whelped. AKC refuses registration. Litter is registered with Swiss Kennel Club under Clover Leaf kennel name

1926 Swiss Club of Entlebuch Cattle Dogs is founded.

1927 The first Entlebuch standard is completed.

1928 Berner Sennenhund Club name changed to the Schweizerischer Klub fur Berner Sennenhunde (Swiss Club for Berner Sennenhund).

1930 The Entlebucher was recognized as a full purebred member of the Swiss and International Cynology.

1930 Hutchinson’s Popular and Illustrated Dog Encyclopedia is published; contains section on draught dogs with pictures.

1933 First German stud book, 17 breeders and 182 dogs.

1935 First BMD article appears in the AKC Gazette, The Bernese is a Loyal Dog of the Swiss Alps by Mrs. L. Egg-Leach.

1936 Mrs. L. Egg-Leach writes one of two articles for AKC Gazette, Why Collars Were Worn By Early Swiss Dogs.

1936 First Bernese, Senta v. Sumiswald, is imported to Great Britain by Mrs. Perry and Mrs. Patterson.

1936 First litter of BMD puppies is whelped in Great Britain.

1936 Glen Shadow, Ruston, Louisana imports Fridy v Haslenbach (female), from Swiss breeder Fritz Stadker and Quell v. Tiergarten (male), from Swiss breeder A. Schoch.

1937 On April 13, Glen Shadow receives letter from AKC declaring official recognition of the Bernese Mountain Dog as a new breed in the Working Group.

1937 On June 1, AKC registration issue lists the first BMDs ever registered in the United States: Glen Shadow’s Fridy v. Haslenbach, call name: Fridy (A-156,753) and Quell v. Tiergarten, call name: Felix (A-156,752).

1937 Mrs. Perry imports five more Bernese to Great Britain from Switzerland.

1937 AKC adopts breed description and standard, derived from the standard current in Switzerland.

1937 Dr. Albert Heim dies.

1938 January: Mr Glen Shadow writes article in Western Kennel World magazine about importing the first BMDs into the US.

1939 AKC publishes first authoritative American book on breeds recognized by AKC.

1939 FCI Standard published for Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund is published.

1939 The Swiss KC (SKG) registers 129 Bernese.

1939 The first Grosse Schweizer Sennenhunde standard was published by the FCI.

1939 World War II aggression begins.

1940 First BMDs appear in Norway.

1945 World War II ends.

1945 The Observer’s Book of Dogs, Bernese Mountain Dog: “Being long-coated, he is rather like the large Swiss draught dog, but is smaller in size”. “ He is often used as a haulage dog for the basket weavers of Berne.” Entlebuch Mountain Dog: “He has been bred most carefully from the larger stock, to become the ideal Swiss drovers’ dog.”

1948 Accidental breeding of Female BMD (Christine v Lux) to male Newfoundland (Pluto v Erlengut) occurs. Seven pups are whelped.

1948 Schweizerische Klub fur Berner Sennenhund lists 336 Berner Sennenhunds in its registry.

1949 To this date, Glen Shadow was the only AKC-registered breeder of Bernese.

1950 BMDs introduced into Finland.

1951 Minor revisions made to the Swiss breed standard.

1951 Female (Babette) from the 1948 accidental litter with appearances of a Newfoundland is bred to purebred male BMD (Aldo v Tieffurt). Eight pups are whelped: one male and one female marked like the BMD.

1952 BMD-marked female, Christine v Schwarzwasserbachli, in the 1951 litter (Aldo v Tieffurt x Babette) is bred to purebred BMD male Osi v Allenuften. Five pups are whelped, all marked like BMDs.

1952 East German club, Spezialzuchgemeinschaft fur Berner Sennenhund (SZG) is founded.

1954 BMD is introduced into Sweden.

1956 Swiss Kennel Club introduces temperament testing for all breed stock.

1961 Austrian club, Verein fur Schweizer Sennenhunde in Osterreich (VSSO) is established.

1962 First AKC title earned by a Bernese (Aya of Verlap) is a CD in Obedience.

1962 AKC lists only nine BMD owners in the United States.

1962 Bea Knight establishes a BMD breeding program under Sanctuary Woods kennel name with Gretel v Langmoos and The Rgt Rev William and Mary Alice Horstick’s Ultra v Oberfeld.

1964 Martin and Barbara Packard import Lucki v Chorrichterhof from Switzerland.

1965 Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dog Club of Finland is established, it represents all 4 Swiss breeds.

1966 Sanctuary Woods’ Black Knight receives fourth place in Working Group in the Riverside Kennel Club show.

1966 Mary Dawson imports her first Bernese, Olaf v Oberscheidegg.

1966 Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) is founded.

1967 Carol Pyle and others decide to form a United States breed club.

1968 First newsletter sent out by Carol Pyle, organizing the Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America (BMDCA). Thirty-three members are reported.

1968 First US BMD breed champion: Ch. Santuary Woods Black Knight, owner: Roberta Subin, Breeder: Beatrice Knight

1968 BMDCA is founded. Members number 62 with 43 registered Bernese.

1968 Swedish Berner Sennen Club is founded.

1968 First Swissy’s (GSMD) are imported into the United States.

1969 BMDCA including 70 members holds its first election of officers: President Dr. Mary Dawson.

1969 BMD reintroduced to Great Britain after having died out after WWII. Oro de Coin Barre and Dora von Breitenhof are imported by Irene Creigh.

1970 BMDCA membership stands at 97 members and 103 Bernese.

1970 First BMDCA Standard Committee convenes.

1970 First BMDCA Bernerfest Fun Match is organized by Barbara Packard.

1970 Barbara Packard begins works with OFA as Breed Representative.

1971 First British BMD standard is published.

1971 Bernese Mountain Dog Club of Great Britain (parent club) is established .

1971 BMDCA membership tops 100. Harrisburg show is supported with an entry of Twenty-two. First “in-person” BMDCA meeting takes place in conjunction with the show.

1971 Die Schweizer Hunderassen, authored by Dr. Hans Raeber is published.

1971 Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Club America is founded.

1971 First CDX earned by a Berner (Ch. Wilhelmina V Neugebauer CDX)

1972 BMDCA incorporates.

1972 BMDCA Constitution and Bylaws are accepted by AKC.

1972 BMDCA Code of Ethics is approved.

1972 AKC grants BMDCA permission to hold its first B match.

1972 First Bernese to place first in AKC Working Group, Ch Sanctuary Woods Gordo, Westbury KA show.

1973 Swiss breed standard revised.

1973 BMDCA achieves AKC sanctioned status.

1973 First Open Class shows for Bernese are scheduled in Great Britain.

1974 San Francisco Bay Berners forms.

1974 First BMDs are introduced into Belgium.

1974 Bernergarde database is established.

1974 BMDCA holds A matches and achieves licensed status with AKC.

1974 Breed recognition process begins in Canada with the CKC.

1975 BMDCA licensed by AKC to hold independent specialties.

1976 First American Bernese (Ch Tanja V Nesselacker CD, TD) tracking title is earned.

1976 First BMD regional club (BMD Club of Southern California) is founded.

1976 First BMDCA National Specialty held in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Ch Zyta V Nesselacker is Best of Breed (BOB).

1976 British BMD Club name changes to BMD Club of Great Britain.

1977 First BMD AKC Best-in-show, Ch. Alphorn's Copyright of Echo

1977 Great Britain Bernese moved out of Rare Breed status to Working Group.

1977 Bernese Mountain Dog recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.

1977 Challenge Certificates for BMDs are first awarded (at Crufts).

1978 BMDCA holds its first independent National Specialty in Pontiac, Michigan.

1978 Bernese Mountain Dog Club of Canada is founded.

1978 BMDs are reimported to Holland and national club reforms after WWII disruption.

1978 First BMD, Durrbachler Shiralee (Savannah Kennel), is imported to Australia from New Zealand.

1979 AKC standard for Bernese revised.

1979 First Berner (Ch Dina De L'Armary UD ) earns a Utility Dog (UD) title.

1979 Danish BMD club is formed.

1979 Belgische Klub voor Zwitserse Sennenhonden (Belgian) is founded to serve all four Sennen breeds.

1979 First draft test regulations are developed by Bev Barney and accepted by BMDCA.

1980 Eng. Ch Folkdance at Forgeman is first BMD to win Working Group, at Crufts.

1980 BMDCA Code of Ethics is adopted and must be signed by all members.

1980 First revision to the US Bernese standard. Committee members are Sylvia Howison, Esther Mueller and Mary Alice Horstick.

1981 With completion of six specialties, BMDCA becomes a member club of AKC.

1981 Diana Cochrane writes first edition, The Bernese Mountain Dog

1982 Mary Jo Thomson appointed first BMDCA delegate to AKC.

1984 Margret Bartschi theorizes BMDs arise from local farmers keeping different kinds of dogs of varying size according to objective desired as well as financial standing.

1985 First BMD Westminster KC Working Group winner, AKC, CKC Ch. Shersan Change O'Pace v. Halidom

1985 BMDCA publications divided into Bulletin for current news and Alpenhorn for in-depth treatments on a variety of subjects.

1985 Mary Alice Eschweiler (Horstick) is awarded the Gaines Good Sportsmanship medal, precursor to BMDCA Outstanding Service Award.

1985 Swissy’s (GSMD) admitted to the AKC Miscellaneous class.

1985 First US Bernese (Viva's Graemlicher Bischof TDX) earns a tracking dog excellent title.

1985 Dr. George Padgett, veterinary pathologist with special interest in canine genetics at Michigan State University, sent a questionnaire to the parent clubs of each of the AKC-registered breeds. He was interested in the role of breed clubs and veterinarians in evaluating the impact of genetic diseases on specific breeds.

1986 National BMD Computer File unveiled at National Specialty by Barbara Packard.

1987 Diana Cochrane releases the Revised Edition, The Bernese Mountain Dog.

1987 Norway Mountain Dog Club reorganizes.

1988 New Zealand club is formed.

1989 First BMDCA draft match is sponsored by Nashoba Valley in Medfield, Massachusetts.

1989 The Complete Bernese Mountain Dog, by Jude Simonds is published.

1989 First Berner earns a CGC certificate.

1989 Dr. Alida Wind sends invitations to convene the first International Elbow Working Group Meeting in Davis, California. This group was strongly influenced by the Scandinavians that were present, Dr. Jorunn Grondalen from Norway and Dr. Lars Audell and Lennart Swenson from Sweden. The group agreed that elbow arthosis caused by fragmented coronoid process (FCP), ununited anconeal process (UAP), osteochondritis dissicans (OCD), articular cartilage anomal, and joint incongruity, is the manifestation of an inherited faulty development (dysplasia) of the elbow joint.

1990 Second revision to the US Bernese standard.

1990 BMDCA initiates first judges’ education program at its National Specialty.

1990 First agility demonstration takes place at BMDCA National Specialty in Wisconsin.

1990 Following German reunification, the Schweizer Sennenhund-Verein fur Deutschland (SSV) and the East German Spezialzuchgemeinschaft fur Berner Sennenhund (SZG) merge and retain the name Schweizer Sennenhund-Verein fur Deutschland (SSV).

1990 Current BMD standard is adopted by AKC.

1990 A group including veterinarians, scientists, dog breeders and owners associated with the International Elbow Working Group (I.E.W.G) created the non-profit Institute for Genetic Disease Control in Animals (GDC) as the first national and international open registry for canine orthopedic genetic diseases.

1990 BMDC of Canada (BMDCC) stands at 150 members; 746 Bernese registered.

1991 First Canine Good Citizen evaluation takes place at BMDCA National Specialty in Pennsylvania.

1991 First official BMDCA draft test, Westford, MA, with 12 entries. 7 NDD qualify.

1992 First 2 BMDs earn Draft Dog titles at Nashoba Valley Test.

1992 First Futurity and herding instinct test take place at BMDCA National Specialty in Colorado.

1992 First BMDCA draft test at a National Specialty is held in Colorado.

1992 Deutscher Club fur Berner Sennenhund (DCBS), a club representing only Berners, is established in Germany.

1992 BMDCA publishes the Illustrated Breed Standard.

1992 The Bernese Mountain Dog, by Paddy Petch, is published.

1992 Hunde sehen zuchtenerleben, Das Buch vom Berner Sennenhund, by Margert Bartschi and Hansjoachim Spengler, is published.

1992 First BMD with a perfect 200 score in Novice OB (Liskarn America Bound Jerry UD DD Can CDX)

1993 Swiss breed standard revised.

1993 Russian National Club, Bernese Mountain Dog established.

1993 Knyon Keine Hundebibliothek Berner Sennenhund, by Prof. Dr. Bernd Guenter, is published.

1993 The Beautiful Bernese Mountain Dogs, by Diane Russ and Shirle Rogers, is published.

1993 Bernese Mountain Dogs, by Lilian Ostermiller, is published.

1994 Cindy Tittle Moore establishes and moderates Usenet newsgroup rec.pets.dogs, and early on-line Berner owners meet here.

1994 Phil Shaffer develops and mounts a Bernese FAQ on the rec.pets.dogs list pre-world wide web.

1994 Marc Nussbaumer, of Natural History Museum in Bern, sets up the first World Wide Web (WWW) pages for the seven Swiss breeds.

1995 Matt Kleiman launches Berner-L internet discussion group on

1995 Berner-Garde incorporates.

1995 The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog joins the AKC Working Group.

1995 The New Bernese Mountain Dog, by Sharon Chestnutt Smith, is published.

1995 First US Bernese (Ch Mtn Annie O'Creekwood NA) earns Novice Agility title.

1995 The American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation is established.

1996 Dr. Hans Raeber publishes article in Hunde stating that the view that BMDs are authentic to Switzerland cannot stand critical review. He states in part, “The Swiss themselves, inhabitants of a thorough fare, cannot be clearly assigned to a particular people. Along the same lines it can be surmised that the Sennenhunde are a mixture of the native farm dogs present since the Neolithic Age, the immigrant dogs and dogs just passing through. In the course of time certain types were developed in isolated valleys. This was a result of primitive breed stock selection and of inbreeding.”

1996 AKC institutes DNA Pilot project program.

1996 First BMD entered in OFA Cardiac Registry

1996 First US Bernese (Honeybear's Lenny's Roscoe AX) earns Open Agility title. Same dog earns Agility Excellent title same year.

1996 BMDCA awards first Versatility Awards, retroactive to 1991. 26 Awards granted.

1996 Società Italiana Bovaro del Bernese established.

1997 Ninety-year anniversary of Klub fur Berner Sennenhunde (KBS).

1997 Australian National Kennel Club publishes an extended breed standard of the BMD.

1998 The BMDCA Bulletin ceases publication.

1998 The Bernese Mountain Dog Today, by Dr. Malcolm Willis, is published.

1998 AKC creates Parent Club DNA Program.

1998 First Berners (U-CDX Swiss Star's Evening Escapade, UDX and U-CDX Mocha Java Slurp, UDX, TT, CGC, TDI) earn their UDX.

1998 First BMDs earn Brace Novice Draft Dog Titles.

1998 First Canadian Draft Dog Excellent title earned by a BMD.

1998 Control of Canine Genetic Diseases, by George Padgett, is published.

1999 Alarms of cancer in the Bernese and premature mortality prompt BMDCA to embark on a 3-year project in cooperation with the Morris Animal Foundation.

1999 First BMDs earn Brace Draft Dog Titles.

1999 BMDCA Draft Work Committee initiates a draft judges’ newsletter, Harness and Hitch.

2000 Margret Bartschi writes article, “Our Swiss Connection, Herding?, Driving?, Drafting?, Some Breed History.”

2000 The Bernese Mountain Dog, by Julia Crawford, is published.

2000 A Kennel Club Book: Bernese Mountain Dog, by Lousie Harper, is published.

2001 BMDCA requests AKC require DNA profiles be on record for all dogs used for breeding.

2002 SSV registry has 192 litters and 1223 puppies

DCBS registry has 66 litters and 389 puppies.

VSSO registry has 206 puppies.

KBS registry has 107 litters and 621 puppies.

BMDCGB has 769 registered Bernese.

CKC has 119 registered Bernese.

AKC registry has 715 litters and 2,567 Bernese.

2002 BMDCA launches its new website at

2002 BMDCA Bulletin resumes publication in February.

2002 BMDCA On-line Breed Steward Program established.

2002 AKC refuses to adopt BMDCA proposal requiring all breeding animals be DNA profiled.

2003 BMDCA adopts new Code of Conduct and Guiding Principles.

2003 GDC closes its registries and merges it’s data to OFA.

2003 Swiss breed standard revised, temperament section revised to disqualify aggression, anxiety, and distinct shyness.

2004 The Bernese Mountain Dog, A Dog of Destiny, by Bernd Guenter, is published.

2004 AKC restricts condensed and reformatted BMD Stud Book to electronic distribution.

2005 BMDCA votes to require all dogs entered in our National Specialties have DNA profile numbers. Effective date: 2007 National Specialty.

2005 The AKC Delegates’ Canine Health and Parent Club Committee asks AKC Parent Clubs to launch an initiative to increase the use of DNA for parentage.

2005 . BMDCA membership records are combined into the Berner-Garde database. BMDCA and Berner-Garde begin collaborative efforts to enter and maintain Stud Book and title records in the Berner-Garde database.

2006 BMDCA collects and submits over 500 DNA profile samples at its National Specialty in Frankenmuth, Michigan.

2006 The CHIC DNA Repository is open to receive samples from all participating CHIC breeds

2006 December issue of the BMDCC newsletter has article and pictures by Robin Hoogwerth showing 1927-1928 vintage BMDs in Canada.

2007 DNA profile numbers mandatory for all BMDs entering BMDCA National Specialties.

2007 100 year anniversary show and health symposium held in Burgdorf by KBS.

Last modified: May 21, 2009.