As soon as possible. Gently. Bernese Mountain Dog's are sensitive.

Training is really about people training. It's hard to do when you don't have a puppy at home, but before you can train the dog you have to train yourself how to train the dog.

Training is about timing. Always have some treats in your pocket so you can reward positive behavior as soon as it happens

If you have a puppy, you must start training early, but do it gently.

Your puppy has to have confidence in you before he can begin learning. Remember that puppies are like children - they have growing bodies, short attention spans, and will only learn things when the conditions are right and when they understand what it is you're trying to teach them.

What’s the best age to start training? For most puppy owners, the answer is "Yesterday!" In fact, the optimum time to start a puppy's education is as early as possible: about eight weeks of age. It's hard to fathom that at one time many trainers insisted that puppies be at least six months old in order to enroll in a training class. Today's positive trainer – and educated, progressive veterinarian – knows that the first four months of your dog's life are the most important time for socialization, to lay the foundation for learning that will serve him (and you) for the rest of his life.

Your dog's first few weeks home will likely be a period of huge adjustment for both of you. You can make the transition much easier all around by taking a few steps.

from the berner-l

Recommended Books and DVDs for New Puppy Owners

FAMILY FRIENDLY DOG TRAINING - A SIX WEEK PROGRAM FOR YOU AND YOUR DOG ( by Patricia McConnell & Aimee Moore Item: DTB917 Whether starting off with a new pup or retraining an adult dog, it’s all here in one easy to follow book. Humane and scientifically based methods teach basic skills—Sit, Down, Heel, Come, etc. and makes it fun for both human and dog. Owners can train at home. Trainers can use in class. Ships the next business day. Price: $14.95

WHEN PIGS FLY - TRAINING SUCCESS WITH IMPOSSIBLE DOGS ( by Jane Killion Item: DTB919 Some breeds of dogs and mixes have a reputation as "impossible" to train. Hounds, terriers, and other breeds are often called pig-headed and even untrainable. Learn these "Pigs Fly" methods and take advantage of the natural strengths of these independent and intelligent dogs. Help your dog become a wonderful companion or a formidable canine athlete. Clicker and reward-based training that is fun to use. Winner of The Merial Human Animal Bond Award Winner of the 2008 Indie Book Awards for Animals/Pets Winner of the IIACAB Award for 2007 Best Dog Book (Misc.) Ships the next business day. Price: $17.95

BEFORE & AFTER GETTING YOUR PUPPY ( by Ian Dunbar Item: DTB790 Outlines everything you need to know to select the right puppy, as well as all the crucial lessons a puppy must be taught during its impressionable early development. Ships the next business day. Price: $19.95

PARENTING YOUR DOG ( by Trish King Item: DTB795 Finally, popular trainer Trish King has written a book!! Analyzes each stage of a dog's physical, mental, and emotional development in great detail; includes sections on puppyhood, adolescence, adulthood and aging, plus problem behavior. Ships the next business day. Price: $19.95 $12.95

YOUR OUTTA CONTROL PUPPY ( by Teoti Anderson Item: DTB762 A fabulous new puppy behavior problem book from leading trainer Teoti Anderson. Find out about all the cutting edge positive training methods you can use to get your puppy under control. Ships the next business day. Price: $12.95

WAY TO GO! - HOW TO HOUSETRAIN A DOG OF ANY AGE ( by Patricia McConnell and Karen London Item: DTB777 How to housetrain a dog of any age. This clear, concise booklet can help your puppy or adult dog learn a lifetime of good habits. It can also re-train the dog with bad habits and give you back your clean home! Ships the next business day. Price: $5.95

DOG-FRIENDLY DOG TRAINING, SECOND EDITION ( by Andrea Arden Item: DTB647 Second Edition: Humane, user-friendly and dog-friendly training methods! Tools to help you teach; housetraining; basic manners; behavior problems, and an excellent resource section. Ships the next business day. Price: $18.95

TRAINING THE COMPANION DOG I SOCIALIZATION & TRAINING DVD ( by Ian Dunbar Item: DTB262 Teach your dog to be a well-mannered pet through socialization, communication, early obedience training and more. (Publisher sticker sometimes comes loose but DVD has not been opened.) Ships the next business day. Price: $29.95

THE SAFE DOG HANDBOOK - A COMPLETE GUIDE TO PROTECTING YOUR POOCH, INDOORS AND OUT ( by Melanie Monteiro Item: CDV198 The Safe Dog Handbook teaches readers about the myriad ways to ensure a safe home and outdoor experience for their dogs - A fantastic, life saving gift for "new puppy parents". Includes chapter on first aid, appendix of toxic plants, household hazards, and much more. Ships the next business day. Price: $19.99

SIRIUS PUPPY TRAINING REDUX DVD ( by Ian Dunbar Item: DTB1055 SIRIUS Redux shows classes and how they should be taught today. Learn Dr. Dunbar’s quick and easy, simple and effective, gentle and enjoyable, scientifically-based methods of off-leash, lure/reward, dog-friendly dog training, that made the SIRIUS philosophy the hallmark of pet dog training. Ships the next business day. Price: $30.00

THE PUPPY WHISPERER - A COMPASSIONATE, NONVIOLENT GUIDE TO EARLY TRAINING AND CARE ( by Paul Owens; Terence Cranendonk Item: DTB967 Following the success of his book The Dog Whisperer, Paul Owens turns his attention to puppies. In The Puppy Whisperer, Owens and his protege Terence Cranendonk offer a compassionate step-by-step guide to all things puppy. Ships the next business day. Price: $14.95

THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL HANDBOOK OF DOG AND PUPPY CARE AND TRAINING ( by Nancy Kerns Item: DTB979 "The Whole Dog Journal Handbook of Dog and Puppy Care and Training" features advice on behavior and positive training techniques, guidance about natural care and nutrition, and information about holistic care such as chiropractic, herbal remedies, massage, acupuncture, and homeopathy. It covers all aspects of canine health, including cancer treatments, and most important of all, it focuses on how to have fun with a dog. This book equips readers with the tools to understand dogs, to encourage their physical and emotional wellness, and to elicit their full potential and vitality--and to do it naturally. Ships the next business day. Price: $19.95

SIRIUS PUPPY TRAINING DVD ( by Ian Dunbar Item: DTB163 Our best selling video! Fun to watch, easy to use techniques for pups and older dogs. Problem prevention and training information for the whole family. Ships the next business day. Price: $34.95

RAISING PUPPIES AND KIDS TOGETHER - A GUIDE FOR PARENTS ( by Pia Silvani and Lynn Eckhardt Item: DTB851 The relationship between puppies and kids can be magical, but it can become troublesome and even downright dangerous if proper behavior is not taught from the start. Here, top trainers show you the best training methods for a polite and well-mannered dog and also show you important rules to teach your child. Ships the next business day. Price: $16.95

QUICK & EASY CRATE TRAINING ( by Teoti Anderson Item: DTB853 All the information you need to choose the best type of crate for your dog, as well as help him become reliably crate trained for confinement, house training, and travel. Ships the next business day. Price: $4.95

At this age I wouldn't be taking him for long and/or frequent walks either. A couple of short walks morning and evening should suffice at this age until those cartilages have hardened off at about 18-24 months. A good training school will also help to make him a nice, tired boy.